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Burnett




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Surname:  Burnett
Branch:  Burnett
Origins:  Scottish
More Info:  Scotland

Background:  The Burnett family is one of the most illustrious of Scottish families, with a history going back to before the Norman Conquest, an ancient coat of arms and a record of many distinguished members in the church, in letters, in the law and in the military. The Burnetts were originally an Anglo-Saxon family, first recorded in Arlesey, Bedfordshire before 1066. (There is some speculation that the Burnetts were actually a Norman family who came to Britain prior to William the Conqueror, as there are records of persons bearing the name of Burnet in France during that time. If this proves accurate, it will change the etymology of the name, as well as a few other historical items regarding the family). The family first went to Scotland in the 12th century in the train of David I. They settled in the southern part of the country, having obtained a grant of lands at Faringdoun in the county and parish of Roxburgh. The family figured during the 13th century as benefactors of Melrose and other religious houses. After the mid 13th century, there are few records of the Burnetts (Burnards) of Faringdoun, but most scholars agree that the various branches of the family that developed in the 13th and the 14th centuries were offshoots of this stem.




Motto:  Virescit vulnere virtus, Her virtue flourishes by her wound.
Arms:  Argent, three holly leaves in chief Vert, a hunting horn in base Sable, garnished Or, stringed Gules.
Crest:  A cubit arm, the hand naked, vested Vert double Argent pruning a vinetree with a pruning knife Proper.
Supporters:  Dexter, a Highlandman in hunting garb. videlicet, a kilt or fealdag of the proper tartan of Burnett of Leys; a peplummed jacket Vert, broad collar Argent, and across his sinister shoulder a cord Gules, and therefrom pendent on his right hip a hunting horn Sable garnished Or, holding in his exterior hand a bow Sable, stringed Or; sinister, a grehound Proper, collared Vert.
Plant:  A sprig of holly leaves.

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This ancient family claims Norman descent, but it is possible that the name is also connected with the great Saxon family of Burnard who held estates in England before the Norman Conquest. The Saxon ‘beornheard’ means ‘bear hand’ but is more romantically translated as ‘brave warrior’. The family, now calling themselves de Bernard, apparently first came to Scotland on the return of David I from England, and they appear to have settled in Roxburghshire. Alexander Burnett was a faithful adherent of Robert the Bruce, and on the defeat of the English he was rewarded by a grant of land in the royal Forest of Drum, together with the title of forester. In the main hall of the ancient seat of the Burn-etts’ Crathes Castle, pride of place is still given to an ancient and splendid ivory horn said to have been presented by Bruce as a symbol of the barony and title bestowed upon Burnett.

Nisbet states that the Burnetts were great benefactors of the Church, and they appear granting lands and other endowments throughout the fifteenth century. However, the relationship with the Church was not always cordial. A dispute arose between Burnett and his neighbour, the Laird of Drum, over some land, and the local priest, one Father Ambrose, was asked by Burnett to intercede, but he declined to do so. In his rage, Burnett stopped the local monks from fishing in the Loch of Leys, and when he was rebuked and cursed by them, he planned to drain the loch. However, his son was killed attempting to clear a large rock, and Burnett abandoned the project and was ultimately reconciled with the Church. The death of the chief’s son was not to be the only family tragedy: according to one legend, the ghost of a cousin of the family once haunted Crathes Castle, seeking her lost love.

Sir Thomas Burnett, who had been created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in April 1626, was a staunch supporter of the Covenant, but he was also related to the great Marquess of Montrose, and entertained him at Crathes Castle and accompanied him on his march towards Aberdeen. His son, the third Baronet, was Commissioner for Kincardineshire in the last Scottish Parliament and was strenuously opposed to the union of Scotland and England which was ultimately to be effected in 1707. On the death of Sir Robert Burnett of Leyes without issue, the title passed to his cousin, Thomas Burnett of Criggie.

The seventh Baronet was an officer in the Royal Scots Fusiliers and served throughout the American Wars, being taken prisoner after the surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga in 1777. The family’s great military traditions were carried on in more recent times by Major General Sir James Burnett of Leys, thirteenth Baronet, who commanded a brigade in the First World War and was colonel of the Gordon Highlanders. He was mentioned in dispatches eleven times and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order twice. He was appointed a companion of the Order of the Bath, and decorated by France with the Legion of Honour. His grandson is the present chief, and he still lives on the family lands although Crathes Castle, one of Scotland’s greatest historic monuments, is now in the care of the National Trust for Scotland.

Other distinguished Burnetts include Robert Burnett, raised to the Scottish judiciary as Lord Crimond in 1661 and whose son, Gilbert, became an eminent historian and cler-gyman. In 1698 he was appointed preceptor to the Duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Anne.

James Burnet of Monboddo, the eminent eighteenth-century lawyer, philosopher and judge, was born in 1714, the son of George Burnet and Elizabeth Forbes, sister of the laird of Craigievar. A descendant of the eleventh laird of Leys, he studied law in the Nether-lands and at the University of Edinburgh before being admitted to the Faculty of Advocates in 1737. He came to prominence as one of the counsel in the famous peerage case, ‘the Douglas Cause’. He became a sheriff in 1764 and a supreme court judge, with the title ‘Lord Monboddo’, three years later. He was an intellectual with varied interests including the origins of man; he was ridiculed for his belief that man was related to apes and originally had tails. He also, however, believed in mermaids and satyrs. The poet Robert Burns was a frequent guest of Monboddo at his house in Edinburgh. He died in 1799 at the age of 85.

Name Variations:  Burnet, Burnaitt, Burnat, Burnett, Burnate, blackhall.

References:
One or more of the following publications has been referenced for this article.
The General Armory; Sir Bernard Burke - 1842.
A Handbook of Mottoes; C.N. Elvin - 1860.
Scottish Clans and Tartans; Neil Grant - 2000.
Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia; George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire - 1994.
Scottish Clans and Tartans; Ian Grimble - 1973.
World Tartans; Iain Zaczek - 2001.
Clans and Families of Scotland; Alexander Fulton - 1991.

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