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Surname:  Fulton
Branch:  Fulton
Origins:  Scottish
More Info:  Scotland

Background:  A locational name borne of a place called Fullerton near Ayr or Foulertoun near Forfar. Variants Fullerton, Fullarton, Foulerton, Fulton.This name is of Celtic origin and is popular throughout England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It is found in many mediaeval manuscripts in the above islands. Examples of such are a Thomas de Fulton who witnessed a donation to the Monastry of Paisley, in the year 1260, and an Adam de Fowlerton, had a charter of lands of Foullartoun and Gaylis in Kyle Stewart from James the High Steward, in the year 1283. A branch of the family settled in Arran, and are said to have had, from Bruce, a charter of the lands of Kilmichael there in 1307. They held the office of coroner. In Ireland we can trace the name back to the 16th century, they being a branch of the Clan from the town of Fullarton in Scotland.

Motto:  Quś fecimus ipsi, Things which we ourselves have done.
Arms:  Az. diapr or, seme of fleurs-de-lis of the second, on a fesse ar. a boar's head erased of the first.
Crest:  On a mount vert a stag lodged reguard. proper.

View the Heraldry Dictionary for help.

This name is often spelt 'Fullerton' and the principal family of this name held the barony of Fullarton in Ayrshire. The name itself may be a derivative of ‘Fowler’, and relate to the keeping of birds, or may come from ‘Fuller’, meaning a ‘bleacher of cloth’. The family are said to be of Anglo-Saxon or Norman origin, and the first recorded instance of the name occurs towards the end of the thirteenth century, when Alunus de Fowlerton founded and endowed a convent of Carmelite or White Friars at Irvine towards the end of the thirteenth century. Adam de Fowlerton received a charter to the lands of Fowlerton, granted between 1293 and 1309, from James, High Steward of Scotland. Fergus de Foulertoun received the estate of Kilmichael on Arran, confirmed by a royal charter of Robert III on November 23, 1391. Reginald de Fowlertoun of that Ilk was taken prisoner at the Battle of Durham in 1346. He remained a prisoner of the English King for many years. The family remained in royal favour and extended their land holdings considerably over the next century. James Fullerton of Fullarton married the daughter of a kinsman, Fullerton of Dreghorn, at the beginning of the seventeenth century and the principal family thereafter was styled ‘of Fullarton and Dreghorn’. The family followed a fairly martial career thereafter, John Fullarton rising to the rank of colonel in the army of Louis XIII of France. Sir Archibald Fullarton of Kilmichael served throughout the Peninsular War (1808-14), during which he was severely wounded at the Battle of Salamanc. John Fullarton, second son of the Laird of Carstairs, was elevated to the Supreme Court Bench in 1829, taking the title of ‘Lord Fullerton’.

Name Variations:  Fullarton, Fullerton, Foulerton, Fulton.

One or more of the following publications has been referenced for this article.
The General Armory; Sir Bernard Burke - 1842.
A Handbook of Mottoes; C.N. Elvin - 1860.
Scottish Clans and Tartans; Neil Grant - 2000.
Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia; George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire - 1994.
Scottish Clans and Tartans; Ian Grimble - 1973.
World Tartans; Iain Zaczek - 2001.
Clans and Families of Scotland; Alexander Fulton - 1991.

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